New rules of the International Judo Federation (IJF) 

Judo is a situational, complexly coordinating, acyclic, speed-strength type of martial arts, the essence of which boils down to a duel between two judokas, each of whom seeks to win with the help of standing wrestling techniques (throws) or lying wrestling techniques (painful holds, chokeholds). , hold-downs) in strict accordance with the Competition Rules. 

Judo fights are held on a special mat called tatami and consists of a set of separate mats 1m x 1m x 4cm or 2m x 1m x 4cm in size, made of polymeric materials. Tatami consists of two zones of different colors. In the center of the tatami there is a square with a minimum size of 8m x 8m and a maximum size of 10m x 10m, which is called the working area and consists of mats of the same color. The outer part of the tatami, called the safety zone, consists of mats of a different color and has a size of 3m along the perimeter. In the central part of the working area at a distance of 4 m from each other, white and blue stripes about 10 cm wide and about 50 cm long are applied to the mats, which serve to indicate the places of the participants before the start of the fight and after it ends. Any duel begins and ends with a bow of both judokas to each other. 

Competitions in judo by their nature are divided into personal and team. In individual competitions, only individual results and places are determined, in team competitions, teams meet each other and the places of the teams are determined based on the results of these meetings. 

Depending on the system of elimination of participants, competitions are held according to the Olympic system with repechage matches from semi-finalists or according to the Olympic system without repechage matches or in a round robin system or in a mixed system. 

Judo competitions are held in certain age groups: 

Younger age - boys and girls up to 12 years old.

The average age is boys and girls up to 14 years old.

Cadets are boys and girls up to 17 years old.

Juniors and juniors - up to 20 years.

Youth - up to 23 years.

Men and women. Veterans - after 30 years. 

Competitors are divided into weight categories. For boys and girls, for boys and girls there are 9 weight categories, for juniors and juniors up to 20 years old - 8 weight categories, for juniors and juniors up to 23 years old, and for men and women - 7 weight categories. In addition, for juniors and juniors, for men and women, competitions can be held in the absolute category, where the weight of the participants is not taken into account. 

The duration of the fight is determined by the age group of participants:

Younger age - 2 minutes.

The average age is 3 minutes.

Cadets - 4 minutes.

Juniors under 20 - 4 minutes.

Adults - 5 minutes. Veterans under 60 years old - 3 minutes, over 60 years old - 2.5 minutes. 

A judoka's suit is called a judoga and consists of three parts: a jacket, pants and a belt, the color of which determines the level of technical readiness of the judoka. The judoga must be blue for the contestant called first and white for the second contestant. Judoga is made of cotton or similar material. For athletes, a white T-shirt must be a mandatory part of the costume. A judo suit must meet certain requirements. The jacket should be of such length as to cover the hips and reach the hands, lowered along the body. The jacket should be wide enough to wrap the left hollow on the right at least 20 cm at the level of the lower chest. The sleeves of the jacket should be maximum to the wrist and minimum to a point located 5 cm above the wrist. There must be a space of 10-15 cm along the entire length of the sleeve between the sleeve and the jacket. Pants must be long enough to cover the legs to a maximum of the ankle joint or a minimum to a point located 5 cm above it. Between the leg and trousers there should be a space of 10-15 cm along the entire length of the leg. A belt 4-5 cm wide should be wrapped twice over the jacket and tied at waist level with a flat knot. The length of the belt must be such that there are ends 20-30 cm long. If the competitor's costume does not comply with the requirements of the Rules, the control judge or arbiter may require the competitor to change the costume. Between the leg and trousers there should be a space of 10-15 cm along the entire length of the leg. A belt 4-5 cm wide should be wrapped twice over the jacket and tied at waist level with a flat knot. The length of the belt must be such that there are ends 20-30 cm long. If the competitor's costume does not comply with the requirements of the Rules, the control judge or arbiter may require the competitor to change the costume. Between the leg and trousers there should be a space of 10-15 cm along the entire length of the leg. A belt 4-5 cm wide should be wrapped twice over the jacket and tied at waist level with a flat knot. The length of the belt must be such that there are ends 20-30 cm long. If the competitor's costume does not comply with the requirements of the Rules, the control judge or arbiter may require the competitor to change the costume. 

Refereeing of the duel is carried out by a team of judges, which includes an arbitrator and two side judges. The arbiter is usually located within the working area, directs the fight and expresses his attitude to the actions of the athletes, as well as the general decision of the team of judges with special gestures and signals. Side judges are located in opposite corners outside the working area. Each touch judge must express his opinion, if it differs from the decision of the arbitrator when announcing the scores of technical actions or penalties, using appropriate official gestures. 

The fight always starts in a standing position at the command of the referee "HAJIME". If it is necessary to stop the fight, the referee announces the command "MATE". After the signal about the end of the fight, the referee gives the command "SORO-MADE". 

In the case when the scores of judokas after the end of the fight are the same or there are no scores, an additional match "GOLDEN SCORE" is assigned, which continues until the first evaluation or until the first penalty. If the fight "GOLDEN SCORE" ended without the advantage of one of the participants, the winner is determined by the decision of the panel of judges "HANTEI". 

When conducting team competitions, in the event of the end of the duel, when the scores are the same or there are no scores, a draw result “HIKI-WAKE” is announced. 

Evaluations during the competition have four levels. 

The highest score "IPPON" (clear victory) is announced by the referee and the fight is terminated if the performed technical action meets the following criteria:

a) the attacking judoka throws the opponent on a large part of the back with considerable force and speed, exercising control of the attacked judoka;

b) when an attacking judoka holds his opponent in a holding position for 25 seconds; c) when the attacked judoist claps his hand or foot twice or more or says “MAITA” (surrender) with his voice as a result of a hold, choke hold or painful hold of the attacking athlete. 

The score "VAZA-ARI" (half of victory) is given for the performed technical action that meets the following criteria:

a) the attacking judoka throws the opponent while exercising control, and the throw is partially missing one of the other three elements required for scoring "IPPON"; b) an attacking judoka holds his opponent, who cannot leave the holding position for 20 seconds or more, but less than 25 seconds. 

If one participant receives a second WAZA-ARI score during one fight, the referee declares him the winner with the help of the WAZA-ARI AWASET IPPON command. 

The “South Kazakhstan” rating is announced in the case when the performed technical action meets the following criteria:

a) the attacking judoist, exercising control, throws the opponent on his side; b) an attacking judoka holds his opponent, who cannot leave the holding position for 15 seconds or more, but less than 20 seconds. 

Along with marks, participants may receive penalties for violating the requirements of the Competition Rules. Prohibited actions are divided into minor (21 points) and serious (11 points). When committing minor violations, the athlete receives the punishment "SHIDO". If one of the judoists receives the second SHIDO punishment, his opponent automatically receives the mark of Yuko, but the mark of "KOKA" for the first violation is automatically removed, and in the case of the third punishment of "SHIDO", the opponent is automatically given the mark of "WAZA-ARI", but the score "YUKO" for the second violation is automatically removed. When the participant of the fight commits a minor violation for the fourth time, he is declared a disqualification "HANSOKU-MAKE". If an athlete commits a serious violation during the fight, he immediately receives a disqualification "HANSOKU-MAKE". 

KATA technique demonstration competitions are simultaneously judged by five judges. Four judges are located in the corners outside the working area, and the fifth judge is located on one side of the competition area. 

In kata competitions, the winning couple and all couples following the winner are determined by the smallest number of penalty points, which are awarded by the panel of judges, depending on the severity of the errors:

a) small errors (2 penalty points are awarded for each error);

b) average errors (5 points);

c) big mistakes (10 points);

d) incorrect technique (20 points);

e) forgotten equipment (40 points). 

Changes in the competition rules of the International Judo Federation,  

 effective from January 1, 2009 

1. EVALUATIONS 

All technical actions are evaluated by three grades: YuKO,

WAZA-ARI and IPPON.

Comments:

1. Throw with a fall on the buttocks or thigh, which was previously given a KOKA score, can now be scored by YUKO if the result of the throw is obvious (a well-done throw with power and control).

2. Throws with a fall on the buttocks or thighs, performed with little or no control, will not be scored. 

2. RETENTION SCORE 

For holding from 15 to 19 seconds, a Yuko score is given.

For holding from 20 to 24 seconds, a WAZA-ARI score is given.

For holding for 25 seconds, an IPPON score is given. 

3. SCALE OF PUNISHMENT 

Shido's first remark is loose punishment.

For the second remark of SHIDO, the opponent is given a score of Yuko.

For the third remark of SHIDO, the opponent is given a WAZA-ARI score.

For the fourth remark of SHIDO, the athlete receives a disqualification.

(HANSOKU-MAKE).

Comments:

1. The first remark of SHIDO is recorded on the scoreboard, but the score of the opponent is not recorded.

2. During an additional match (GOLDEN SCORE), the first warning is given by the referee without consulting the judges.

3. The first remark of SHIDO should not be considered in an additional match in determining the winner according to the judges (HANTEI) except in a situation where this is absolutely the only difference between the two athletes.

4. During an additional match (GOLDEN SCORE) the second warning can be given only after the referee agrees with the side judges: if 2 judges out of 3 agree to give a penalty, the referee announces a SHIDO warning and the bout ends. The arbitrator and side judges may seek advice from the referee commission before announcing a penalty. If 2 judges out of 3 are against punishment, the additional match continues. In this case, the team of judges may seek advice from the referee commission. 

4. ADDITIONAL MEETING (GOLDEN SCORE) 

The duration of the additional bout for juniors and adults is 3 minutes. 

5. EDGE OF WORKING AREA 

All actions in the Nage Waza position are valid and can continue as long as any of the athletes touches the working area of ​​the competition with any part of the body (same criterion as in the Ne Waza position).

Comments :

1. An athlete, performing a technical action, can continue it in the safety zone as long as his opponent touches the working area of ​​the competition with any part of his body. Any pause or stop during the execution of a technical action is the basis for the MATE team.

2. The main criteria for performing technical actions in the standing position on the edge of the working area are the continuity and activity of the action.

3. In the event that a technical action is started within the working area, another technical action (combination or counterattack) can be performed and evaluated provided there is no pause and there is a development of the technical action after its start, regardless of whether the athletes (one or both) are in the work area or in the safety area.

4. If the arbiter made a mistake and gave the command MATE, and the side judges are sure that the technical action was performed correctly, they must cancel the command MATE and evaluate the technical action. In this case, the team of judges may seek advice from the referee commission. 

6. SHAPE CONTROL 

Competitors are solely responsible for the compliance of their form (judogi) with the requirements of the rules for conducting judo competitions.

If in doubt, the arbitrator may check the conformity of the competitor's uniform. If the form does not meet the requirements of the competition rules, the arbitrator, after consultation with the side judges and by unanimous decision, may disqualify the participant, and if the judges disagree (2: 1), it is necessary to consult the referee commission and make a final decision. A participant who has received a disqualification for non-compliance with the requirements of the competition rules is allowed to participate in repechage bouts. 

7. NEGATIVE JUDO 

Negative judo must be punished to the fullest extent. However, referees must be sure that a penalty is given only when the infringement is obvious. The arbitrator should not be a "foul hunter".

As a rule, the phrase "more than 5 seconds" means an interval of 6-8 seconds, but not 15-20 or more seconds. Repeated violations should be penalized even faster (4-5 seconds). Ignorance of the fight is still evaluated in the time interval of 20-30 seconds.

A) Avoid a tackle or prevent an opponent from taking a tackle.

This violation includes blocking to prevent a tackle, "closing" (grabbing one's own lapel to prevent an opponent from being tackled), etc., and now also includes pressure with a deep hold on the back to put the opponent in a crouched position and prevent him from take the grip. The time interval of such violation is more than 5 seconds.

B) Take an exclusively defensive stance.

This prohibited action must be penalized within 6-8 seconds. It is necessary to prevent the tactics of other styles of wrestling (sambo, freestyle, Greco-Roman wrestling).

C) false attack.

The arbiter must be careful when using false attacks, including diving into the legs without actually trying to throw, jumping to the knees without actually trying to throw, etc. This should include false attempts to deliver TOMOE-NAGE, SUMI-GAESHI, when the goal is is to move into the position of Ne Waza, not to try to throw the opponent. Such attempts should be punished with a reprimand.

The use of TOMOE-NAGE, HIKKOMI-GAESHI for the purpose of switching to a painful hold is possible as long as the attack is being carried out.

D) Hold on to your pants.

The competitor is not allowed to grab the pants first and then attack, but it is allowed to grab the pants at the end of an already started attack, or it is even possible to grab the pants at the same time as the attack. Therefore, in the case when the participant first grabs the pants, the fight stops and a reprimand is announced to him.

Grabbing the leg with the arm without gripping the pants, as in the case of MOROTE-GARI or KIBISU-GAESHI, is permitted and such actions should not be stopped and penalized, and if successfully completed, may be scored.


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